In the 21st century, the transition to the social use of the limited planet natural resources and the reduction of the dependence of the economy on traditional energy sources, which have a negative impact on climate change and cause energy vulnerability in many countries, are fundamental factors in the survival of economic and social systems.
The degradation and pollution of soils, the allocation of agricultural land for housing, industrial and transport development food supply problem, which is critical for many regions, in which the population is on the verge between physical survival and extinction.
The use of so-called green or environmental technologies is conditioned by the need to use energy and other natural resources in the processes of production and consumption as much as possible and minimize the generation of harmful pollutants.
Over the past decades, these technologies have evolved rapidly. The stimulus for this is a clear awareness of the international community that the resources of the planet are limited, and the use of traditional technologies increases the negative impact on the environment.
The need for alternative (green) energy, whether it is environmental construction, or the disposal and recycling of inorganic waste, or simply healthy food, is well known. Moreover, for a long time, there are “green technologies”, through which you can radically change the human perception of the civilized world.
There are a large number of patented environmental business ideas that are distributed annually around the globe. At the same time, the alternative to such projects is not only in their environment but also in the economic component. The cheapness of ecologically clean products sticks out a mile against a technocratic product.
Moreover, the public interest in the environmental product is already convincingly won by any technocratic achievements of civilization. So, the conclusion is unanimous: the only world business that has a promising future is the ecological business.
That is why green technology education is an integral process of modern world progress.
Green technologies are created as a result of research on a wide range of scientific disciplines – from chemistry and materials science to biosciences and are considered as an umbrella for the convergence of other technologies and a source of economic growth.
Green technology innovations are aimed at the use of new products and processes to reduce the use of natural resources and the generation of harmful substances throughout the life cycle of products. They promote the improvement, introduction and cheapening of green technologies.
By its implementation, the following classes of green technology are considered:
- general environmental management (reduction of air and water pollution, waste management, soil restoration, environmental monitoring);
- production of energy from renewable and alternative non-combustible sources;
- combustion with the reducing of greenhouse gas emissions;
- climate change mitigation (capture and storage of greenhouse gases);
- with an indirect contribution to emission reductions (energy saving, hydrogen production, fuel cells);
- reduction of emissions and an increase in efficiency of transport fuel use;
- improving energy efficiency in buildings and lighting systems
- green computerization – as green technologies are constantly evolving and replaced by more sophisticated ones.
In the modern world, the ecologization of the educational process contributes to the formation of an integrated system of ecological knowledge, encompassing all levels of training and education of students. In this regard, it is necessary that a specialist of any profile, whose activity directly or indirectly affects the state of the natural environment, has deep theoretical ecological knowledge and certain practical skills.
Environmental education, or green technology education of students and professional environmental training of future specialists undoubtedly occupy an important place and play a special role in the process of shaping environmental awareness and environmental culture. Thus, environmental education is the study of the environment, the solution to its problems, which determines the natural life manifestations of people about its organic necessity.
The following principles are included in the system of environmental education: humanization, science, integration, continuity, and interrelatedness of the disclosure of global, regional and local aspects of ecology.
Environmental education plays an integrative role in the entire system of general secondary education. In world practice, 3 possible models of environmental education are considered:
- One-subject – introduces an integrated academic discipline of environmental orientation.
- Multi-subject – is the ecologization of traditional training courses and disciplines.
- Mixed – a new environmental course is introduced with the simultaneous ecologization of traditional academic subjects.
In practice, the majority prefer a mixed model, the implementation of which requires the development of the Ecology training course content, the ecologization of traditional academic subjects, as well as the development of a series of tutorials on environmental studies, – says Benjamin Boone, a Pro-Papers resource specialist who assists in writing environmental essays.
Modern environmental (i.e green technology) education involves a continuous process of learning, education and personal development, aimed at the formation of a system of scientific and practical knowledge and skills, as well as value orientations, behavior, and activities.
The main contribution to the practical environmental activity of students is made by environmental research and work on the assessment of the state of the environment, which are an important part of the content of education and are widely introduced into the practice of students’ environmental education.
Environmental studies allow students to summarize their knowledge, apply information acquired in the study of other subjects, express their own point of view and propose solutions to this or that environmental problem.
The main factor of environmental destruction is a social production. The scientific and technological revolution, which has increased the scale and power of human activity many times, has become the main cause of the current ecological crisis.
Green technology is designed on the basis of studying the interaction of social production with the environment to develop environmentally friendly methods and tools for engineering and economic activities of people. Only it can significantly reduce the use of natural resources and the formation of harmful substances during the life cycle of products, and therefore it is extremely relevant in the modern world.